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5 sentence to understand the difference between fire wall and firewall - Sohu Education

2018-01-26 12:14:17

according to the article "build rules" 2.1.11, fire partition is defined as: building to prevent fire spread to adjacent areas and fire resistance incombustibility wall not less than the specified requirements.

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according to the article "build rules" 2.1.12, firewall is defined as: to prevent fire spread to the adjacent buildings or adjacent level fire zone and fireproof limit of not less than 3.00 h incombustible wall.

low firewalls can be used as the partition of the building can be not only for building exterior wall.

low firewall for buildings, should be positioned between adjacent level fire partition, and fireproof partition wall should be located in the building between adjacent area of the tree.

low firewalls should be in the fire endurance acuity 3.0 noncombustible wall (a, b workshop and a, b, c class warehouse in firewall, its fireproof limit should not be less than 4.00 h.).Also should be noncombustible wall fire partition, but its fireproof limit can be not less than specified requirements (< 3.0 h).

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in addition, the building regulations about different buildings and sites, fire partition requirement is as follows (must bear in mind that each year study, it is suggested that the collection or share!):

3.6.9 explosion danger of a, b class plant control room should be independent setting, when stickers adjacent walls set, should use refractory limit not less than 3.00 h fire partition and other parts of the space.

3.6.10 explosion danger area of stair, outdoor stairs or with explosion danger area and adjacent areas connected, hovel and other protective measures should be set up.Cross-bars of partition wall should be fireproof limit should not be below 2.00 h fire partition, door class a fire door should be adopted and dislocation with the staircase door Settings.Set the atrium buildings

5.3.2

-1, with the surrounding fire compartmentation connected space should be: using fire partition, its fireproof limit should not be less than 1.00 h.

5.3.5-2 a total construction area of more than 20000 ㎡ underground or half underground shops, gates, Windows should be adopted, the hole of the firewall, fireproof limit of not less than 2.00 h floor space for multiple building area is not more than 20000 ㎡ area.Adjacent area is really necessary locally connected, should use the outdoor open space, such as falling square fire compartment, refuge aisle, smoke prevention stair well connected in the form of the wall of fire compartment for refractory limit of not less than 3.00 h fire partition, and shall comply with the provisions of this standard article 6.4.13;

5.3.6-3 pedestrian street on both sides of the building fireproof limit should be set up between the shops is not lower than 2.00 h fire partition, each shop floor area should not be greater than 300 ㎡.

5.4.5 hospitals and nursing homes in the ward building fireproof limit should be adopted to the adjacent nursing unit is not lower than 2.00 h fire partition space, partition door should be adopted in serie b fire door, fire door should be set in a hallway with normally open fire door.

theater, cinemas, halls

5.4.7-1 should be used refractory limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and class a fire door separated from other areas.

5.4.9

-6 ballroom, video halls, nightclubs, Carla 0 k hall (which has the function of karaoke restaurant), game (including electronic game), sauna bathroom (not including bath), Internet cafes and other places of song and dance entertainment show vehicle (excluding theatre, the cinema) and between hall, room and other parts of the building, should be used in refractory limit not less than 2.00 1.00 h h fire partition and incombustible floor space, set up on the wall in the hall, room door and the door of the places and other parts of the buildings are interlinked all class b fire door should be adopted.

5.4.10 in addition to the commercial service center, residential buildings and other construction use function &, between residential and non-residential part, should use refractory limit not less than 2.00 h and unable to fire partition, window, the mouth of the cave, and 1.50 h incombustible floor completely separated;When for high-rise buildings, gates, Windows should be adopted, the hole of the firewall and fire resistance Not less than 2.00 h incombustible floor completely separated.

5.4.11 set of residential buildings, commercial service center between the live parts and business service outlets should be used in refractory limit not less than 2.00 h and unable to fire partition, window, the mouth of the cave, and 1.50 h incombustible floor completely separated, the safety of the residential and commercial service center part export and ladders should be independent setting respectively.Business service outlets should be used between each separate unit in refractory limit not less than 2.00 h and fire partition separating each other gates, Windows, the mouth of the cave, when any layer of each separate unit building area of more than 200 ㎡, the layer should be set up two security exit or evacuation doors.

5.4.12

-3 oil or gas boiler, oil immersed transformer, filled with oil switch can be fuel high voltage capacitor and boiler room, transformer room, etc and other parts, such as should be used between refractory limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and incombustible floor space of 1.50 h.On the partition wall and slab should not open the mouth of the cave, it should be on the door, window, partition class a fire door, window should be adopted.

5.4.12-4 boiler room between oil storage, is set up the total storage capacity should not be greater than 1 m ⊃ 3;And storage should be used between refractory limit of not less than 3.00 h fire partition between the boiler and space;It need to be set on fire partition door, class a fire door should be adopted.

5.4.12-5 between transformer room, transformer room and transformer room, should be set fire partition of refractory limit not less than 2.00 h.

5.4.13-3 layout should be adopted in civil buildings of diesel generator room fire endurance is not lower than 2.00 h fire partition and 1.50 h incombustible floor with other parts of the space, the door should be class a fire door.

5.4.13

-4 room between storage when is set up, the total storage capacity should not be greater than 1 m ⊃ 3;, oil storage should be used between refractory limit of not less than 3.00 h fire partition between the generator and space;Is really necessary when I opened the door in the fire partition, class a fire door should be set up.

6.2.1 theatre, construction stage and the audience hall of partition wall should be adopted between refractory limit fire partition of not less than 3.00 h.

upper stage and the audience hall stuffy partition can be used between the fire resistance of not less than 1.50 h fire partition, partition door class b fire door should be adopted.

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lower part of stage lighting control center and fuel storage should be used in refractory limit not less than 2.00 h fire partition and other parts of the space.

film projection booth, roll film room should use refractory limit not less than 1.50 h fire partition and other parts of the space, observation holes and hole fire separation measures should be taken.

6.2.2 medical buildings or surgical department of the operating room, delivery room, intensive care unit, expensive precision medical equipment room, storage room, laboratory, film, etc., providing children in nurseries and kindergartens in building occupancy and children amusement room and other places of children's activities, the elderly activity places, should be used in refractory limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and the 1.00 h floor and other places, or part of the space, must be set on the wall of the door, window class b fire door, window should be adopted.

6.2.3 should be used in the following parts of the building fireproof limit not less than 2.00 h fire partition and other parts of the space, the wall of the door, window should use the class b fire door, window, do have difficulty, can use fire shutter, but shall comply with the provisions of this standard article 6.5.3:

1) party a and b class production parts and parts of the building use c class liquid;

2) plant parts flame and high temperature;

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3) a, b, c class plant (warehouse) is decorated with different fire risk class room;

4) of civil buildings affiliated warehouses, auxiliary theater background;

5) in addition to the residential building medium inside the kitchen, dormitory, apartment buildings, public kitchen and other buildings in the kitchen.

6) primary mobile garage in residential buildings.

6.2.7 attached in building fire control room, fire fighting equipment room, fire water pump room ventilation and air conditioning room, transformer room, etc., should be used in refractory limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and the 1.50 h floor with other parts of the space.

set the ventilation room in butyl, amyl, should use refractory limit of not less than 1.00 h fire partition and 0.50 h floor with other parts of the space.

6.4.4-2 in addition to the residential building self-use within the set of stairs, underground or semi-underground building evacuation stair (room), should be used in the first layer fireproof limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and other parts of the space and should be straight, outdoor is really necessary on the partition wall to open the door, class b fire door should be adopted.

6.4.4-3 building underground or half underground part and the part should not be Shared stairwell, when sharing stair is really necessary, should be used in the first layer fireproof limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition and class b fire goalkeeper underground part connected with the ground or underground part completely separated, and sign should be set up.Shelter walkway

6.4.14

-1 fire resistance should not be less than 3.00 h fire partition, the fire resistance of floor should not be less than 1.50 h.

7.3.6 fire elevator well, room and adjacent elevator well, equipment room should be set up between refractory limit of not less than 2.00 h fire partition, partition door class a fire door should be adopted.

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